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Services & Fee Schedule

(Effective 01 February 2001)

Charges will be applied to each sample submitted.Prices subject to change without notice.
PAYMENT: Please make cheque payable to the Brij BugTrap Consultancy P/L. Please do not mail cash.

Procedures  & Services

#Price  Per Sample + 10% GST

Plant Diseases

Visual diagnosis

Diagnosis not requiring plating (more information)

Time: 3 - 4 working days

Charges on request

Microscopic Diagnosis

Diagnosis not requiring plating

Time: 3 4 working days

Charges on request


Requiring plating on selective media (more info.)

Time: Depends  upon the type of infection

Charges on request

Bacterial  test  (general) (more information)

Time:  Depends upon the type of bacterial  infection. Appx 3 wks

Charges on request

Plant Identification 


Visual plant identification

Time:  3 - 4 working days

Charges on request

Weed Identification


 Direct  identification

Time: 3 - 4 working days

Charges on request



Thrip  identification (more  information)

Microscopic examination to species level (Western Flower Thrip, WFT)

(Charges for clients on the WFT protocol and long term contract)

Time: 3-4 working days

Charges on request

Thrip  identification 

Microscopic examination and identified to species level (Western Flower  Thrip, WFT.) Clients not on long-term contract

Time: 3-4 working days

Charges on request

Basic insect identification (more information)

To Order level. Microscopic examination for 30min.  Maximum of 5 insects

Time: 3-4 working days

Charges on request

General insect identification

On traps or pit fall samples: microscopic examination for 2hrs.  Maximum of 5 insects (pest/beneficial)

Time: 5-6 working days

Charges on request

Detailed insect trap identification 

To family where possible to genus level. Maximum time on microscopic  examination ~ 2hrs

Added 15% surcharge apply where insect population is very high on  traps

Time: Maximum 7 working days

Charges on request

Insect rearing and ID

Requiring extensive rearing time, research and microscopic examination

Time: Depends on the insect development

Charges on request

Insect identification

Requiring dissection and/or taxonomic keys (extended microscopic  examination, research, reporting, mounting)

Charges on request

Nematode Counts


Nematode extraction

Extraction from soil (Baerman Pan Method) (more information)

Charges on request

Potato cyst nematode (PCN)

Extraction of PCN Cyst & Egg Count (more information)

Charges on request

Nematode extraction

Extraction from roots/plant tissues (more information)

Charges on request

Pinewood nematode detection

Extraction from wood (more information)

Charges on request

Soil Testing


General soil pH/EC testing


Specific soil analysis

(pH,EC, Total  organic matter and  cation exchange  activity, total mineral activity, type of soil) (all tests with  interpretation and recommendation). Soil sample kit on request sent to the  client

Charges on request

General Potting mix analysis

Charges on request

Consultancy / Report Writing

Charges on request

Consultancy on site (+ travel  time)

Charges on request

Report writing (includes  phone time) (+travel)(per hour)

Charges on request

Monitoring and site visits  done on request

Charges on request

Additional Information on Services Provided by Consultancy

Diagnosis not requiring plating -

The plant material  submitted will be inspected under a stereo/dissecting microscope. Symptomatic  tissues may be incubated in a moist chamber to encourage fungal growth.

Tar Spot on Maple LeafTar spot on maples

Diagnosis requiring plating on selective media -

Symptomatic tissues are plated on  selective growth media; fungi can then be identified. Bacteria isolated may  be further processed for species identification using the Biolog microbial  identification system.

Fusarium solani isolated from wheat Fusarium sp. isolation

Bacterial  test  (general)

Symptomatic tissues are plated on  selective growth media, bacteria isolated, and may be further tested using  selective media. 

Plant identification  -

A qualified Plant pathologist  staff at Brij BugTrap Consultantcy P/L will performed the plant  identifications.

Thrip  identification -


Insects are  inspected under a dissecting/stereo- microscopeand thrips  identified to species level (Western Flower Thrip, WFT).


Basic insect identification -

Insects are inspected under a  dissecting/stereo-microscope and compared with reference material.

Forest Tent Caterpillar    Stink Bug      

Insect identification (dissection/key required) -

Carpenter ant (worker)The staff will follow a detailed taxonomic  key in order to identify the specimen. As well, it may include a partial  dissection of the specimen in order to obtain body parts that clearly  identify an insect (especially true for immature/larval insects).  

Nematode extraction from soil -

The Baerman pan method is used. The soil remains suspended in water  for 7 days during which time the nematodes present diffuse into the water.  They are then identified and counted .

Female Pratylenchus sp.
Female Pratylenchus penetrans*

Female ring nematode

Female ring  nematode (Criconemella  sp.)*


PCN cyst & egg count-

The cysts of the potato cyst  nematode and the live eggs contained in the cysts are counted. The turn  around time for this procedure is 4 - 5 working days.

Cyst nematodes on roots 
Cysts on  roots*  

Open cyst with eggs 
Cyst  with eggs*

Nematode extraction from roots/plant tissues-

A minimum of 10 grams of fresh roots  are required for this test. Ideally the youngest, growing roots are preferred.  Most often, root lesion and root knot  nematodes are extracted with this procedure. The turnaround time is  just over one week.

Carrot root with root knot nematode damage
Root knot nematode damage

Root damage from Root lesion nematodeRoot  lesion nematode
damage on strawberry root*

Foliar nematode damage on cone flower
Foliar nematode damage on cone flower*


Pinewood nematode detection in wood -

The wood is cut into small pieces  and soaked in water for 24 hours. The water is then carefully filtered and  nematodes microscopically. 

Pinewood nematodes in wood
Pinewood  nematodes, Bursaphelenchus xyphilus, in xylem*

Discoloured pinewood
Discoloured  pinewood that may harbour pinewood nematodes*

*©1997, 1999 J.D. Eisenbach & Ulrich Zunke, NemaPix,  A Journal of Nematological Images, Vol. 1&2.

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